Amra, Indian Hog PLum (Spondias mombin)- Plant
|Amra/ Indian Hog Plum- Plant
Spondias mombin, also known as yellow mombin or hog plum is a species of tree and flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae. The mature fruit has a leathery skin and a thin layer of pulp. The seed has an oil content of 31.5%. Spondias mombin is a small deciduous tree up to 20 m. The flowers bloom January to May and are sweet-scented, in large, lax terminal panicles of small white flowers. The fruits have a sharp, somewhat acid taste and are edible. The fruit pulp is either eaten fresh or made into juice, concentrate, jellies, and sherbets.
Planting and Care
Choose a sunny area, preferably with a rich, loamy soil that is moderately acidic.
- Soil should be well drain and fertile, rich in organic content.
- Dig a pit for tranplanting the plant.
- Gives better yield when planted in field soil.
- Water the plant when the top soil (1-2 inch) in pot feels dry to touch.
- Do not overwater the plant.
- Water thoroughly in the summer and reduce watering in winter and rainy season.
Application of Fertilizer
- During the main growing season feed the plant with organic fertilizer once a month.
- Loosen the topsoil without disturbing the roots of the plant so it can uptake the nutrients and moisture easily.
- Remove dead, infected or damaged plant parts and discard them away from the plants.
- For any insect attack or disease, you can use Neem oil, Eucalyptus oil or Citrus oil spray for primary treatment.
Initial care for 1-2 weeks after receiving plant at your location:
- Keep the plant in Natural direct bright Light.
- Poke your finger/plain small stick into the soil to check the moisture.
- Water when top soil (1-2 inches) feels dry to touch.
- Do not re-pot for min. 2 weeks after receiving it.
Uses of Hog plum
- The fruit is used in preparation of chutney, pickle, curries and different types of spicy delicacies.
- This tree has got religious importance as it is worshiped in ‘Nakshathra Vana’ for ‘Hastha’ nakshathra.
- Leaves and barks are aromatic and have astringent value when administered for dysentery.
- Gum from the barks are used in fumigation.
Disclaimer : The image is for reference purposes only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height, etc.